The current "good" and "bad" Mold enjoys the reputation […]
The current "good" and "bad"
Mold enjoys the reputation of “the mother of industry” and is also an important indicator to measure the level of manufacturing in a country.
Judging the status quo of China's mold industry, you can simply use the words "good" and "bad" to describe. First of all, in the past ten years, many Chinese mold companies are busy buying land and building factories, and some latecomers are constantly joining the mold industry. Most entrepreneurs are optimistic about the future of the mold industry. This is the reason for saying “good”.
Why is China's mold industry "not good"? Because Chinese mold practitioners are more tired than scorpions, they are more busy than ants. In addition, many companies are actively investing a large amount of people's property and time to expand overseas markets, including the US market, but the United States has increased tariffs on imported Chinese products, which has greatly affected their business.
China's mold industry has achieved certain achievements, but from the perspective of comprehensive competitiveness, China and Germany, Japan, the United States and other advanced countries in the mold industry are still very different, so Chinese molders should adhere to the initial heart and craftsmanship, only constantly Only by progressing and surpassing yourself can you survive and live better. Although the current mold companies survive hard and have low profit margins, they still believe that the industry will have a very good prospect.
Looking at the changes in global mold market demand in the past decade, it was $82.3 billion in 2009 and reached $130 billion in 2017. With the mold, life will become more and more beautiful, people's pursuit of high-quality life will gradually increase, and the rising demand for mold products serving a better life will continue for many years.
Looking at the status of China's mold import and export, in 2010, China's mold import and export scale was basically flat, with imports of 2.062 billion US dollars and exports of 2.195 billion US dollars. By 2016, the export volume of Chinese molds has exceeded three times the import volume. The industry with the largest demand for molds is the automotive industry, which accounts for 40% of the total mold demand. The largest of the mold categories is injection molds and stamping molds.
China is the world's largest consumer, accounting for 31% of mold consumption, but the core competitiveness of China's molds can only be said to be at the upper-middle level of the world industry. For example, the per capita output value is still very different from that of Germany, the United States, and Japan. The United States, Japan, and Germany have all exceeded 1 million yuan per year, even if there is a big gap compared with South Korea. There are three main reasons for this phenomenon: First, the price of the mold, the same mold is produced in China, the price is less than 2/3 of the US production; the second is the mold material, and now the domestically produced steel, standard parts, etc. Compared with imported products, there is still a certain quality gap between materials and imported products. The third is comprehensive ability, which is mainly reflected in the fact that the management capability and technical capability of China's mold industry are still far from the developed countries. Therefore, China has a certain gap. There is still a long way to go in the development of the mold industry.
Look at trends: internationalization, diversification, standardization, automation, information, unmanned, clustered and networked
The strongest trend in the development of the mold industry is internationalization, including international markets, services and manufacturing. The second development trend is the diversification of mold talents, which mainly includes three aspects: the internationalization of talents. Nowadays, many mold companies can not only see Chinese people, but also white people, yellow people and black people. Some companies have begun to introduce Japanese management and technical teams. The high-end talent skills, for example, sales personnel not only require multilingualism. Communication skills, but also project management capabilities, more important is the comprehensive understanding of mold design, mold manufacturing; talents self-production, the lack of talent in the entire mold industry is serious, the gap is about 300,000 to 500,000. Especially for high-end management talents and technical talents, many mold companies have begun to build their own departments or schools that train talents. The goal is to train first-line technicians and higher-end people with higher comprehensive quality to adapt to future automated production.
The third development trend of molds is the fourizations of mold technology: standardization, automation, informationization, and unmanned. Some mold companies began to develop relevant standards from 2000, mainly including project management standards, design standards, processing and manufacturing standards, etc., forming a very complete mold standard architecture. Because standardization is the cornerstone of automation and informatization, with the standardization of each action and every piece of information for each part, it is naturally derived from automation and informatization. The performance of automation in China's mold industry is first of all automated processing units, such as the electrode processing unit can be operated 24 hours a day. Followed by automated processing lines. The MES system can now basically achieve automatic scheduling, automatic planning adjustment, automatic reporting, real-time inspection on site and remote management. With the rapid development of automation and information technology, the future of molds should be unmanned chemical plants.
Another development trend of molds is the clustering and networking of industries. The clustering effect of the mold is very significant. On the one hand, the mold enterprises continue to grow stronger and bigger, and on the other hand, the agglomeration effect of the mold-related industries. In the future, with the popularization of 5G, big data and cloud computing technologies, the virtual professional service network of the molds Will play a greater role.
The development of the mold industry is always inseparable from innovation, constantly introducing and mastering new technologies, preparing for the application and landing of new technologies. Innovations in the mold industry include innovations in mold manufacturing, such as 3D printing printable waterways. Improve mold production efficiency and improve mold accuracy. Based on 5G innovation, molds need to be prepared for wireless factories. They are all equipped with WIFI factories. They may need to adapt to more efficient management, and prepare more elaborate robots that are more elaborate than human hands. The innovation in the automotive industry is mainly lightweight. The innovations in the mold industry are centered on how to use aluminum to replace steel, how to use plastic to replace steel, to study composite materials represented by carbon fiber, and to serve unmanned cars and smart homes in the future. Smart skin, etc.